- 1988-1992: Doctor of Philosophy in International Relations, St. Edmund Hall, University of Oxford. Title of thesis: The Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament: A Study of its re-emergence, Growth and Decline in the 1980s.
- 1987: International Course in Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Uppsala, Sweden.
- 1984-1986: M.Phil. in Disarmament Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
- 1982-1984: M.A. in International Studies, School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi.
- 1979-1982: B.A. in Politics, Economics and Geography, University of Kashmir.